MACHINCANG CAMBRIAN GEOFOREST PARK
Machinchang Cambrian Geoforest Park has the built up area of 4,274 hectares with the oldest rock formations, namely the Machinchang Formation. Despite the ancient aged rocks, 550 million years old (Cambria-Geology’s age), the sandstone in this area has proven that it can withstand weathering and tectonics activities. The peak of the Machinchang shows that the sand rocks have been chopped which relates to the legend of Mat Cincang and Mat Raya. Among the important geosites in this area includes; Teluk Datai, Pantai Pasir Tengkorak, Tanjung Buta and Tanjung Sabung. Other than those areas, the recent geological process have been formed, among which are the Air Terjun Temurun, Air Terjun Telaga Tujuh, Pulau Anak Datai, Pulau Anak Burau and Tanjung Chinnchin. The Machinchang Cambrian Geoforest Park is the main attraction for visitors who are interested in getting on the cable car ride. In supporting the tourist activities here, the Oriental Village, which is the business centre, has been built around the foothills of Gunung Machinchang. Oriental Village has souvenir shops, restaurants, spas, animal farm and Langkawi Geopark Information Centre. Around the premise, there are many activities that can be explored, among which are horse riding, jungle trekking, camping and picnic.
- Consists of the oldest rock formations in the South East Asia and Malaysia, aged 490 – 550 million years, namely the Machinchang Formation (sandstone and siltstone).
- The main geotrail to the peak of Gunung Machinchang is via the cable car which provides for the steepness of 90° degrees which makes it the steepest cable car in the world. At the height of 709 metres above sea level, visitors can take in the 360° degrees breathtaking view
- There are several protected geology sites in this area which are; Tanjung Chinchin, Air Terjun Telaga Tujuh, Air Terjun Temurun, Pantai Teluk Datai and Pulau Anak Datai.
- The plants surrounding the peak of Gunung Machinchang are unique and most of the plants here are low almost like forest shrubs. Among the plants that can be found here are; Tongkat Ali (eEurycoma longifolia), Kelat Bukit and Podo Bukit (Podocarpus neriifolius).
- According to the local folklore, Machinchang refers to a giant named Mat Machinchang whom had a fight with Mat Raya during the wedding ceremony of their children until Mat Sawar broke up the fight, alas, to no avail.
- Machinchang Formation aged 490 – 550 million years old.
- The built up area is 4,274 hectares
- The built up area is 4,274 hectares
TELUK DATAI & PULAU ANAK DATAITANJUNG BURAU & PULAU ANAK BURAUCABLE CAR TRAILPASIR TENGKORAK TRAILTANJUNG BUTAAIR TERJUN TELAGA TUJUHAIR TERJUN TEMURUN
It is located in the lower part of Machinchang Formation and is considered as the most ancient rocks in Langkawi and Malaysia. This island is formed in affect from the continuous erosion on the ancient cape. This island is joined at times with the main land by a tombolo (mound) on a low tide.
Other than the big residual granite island, Pulau Anak Burau, there are several granite tors of different sizes surrounding it. The interesting feature here is the dissolvent on the granite stone formed from the erosion of waves on the granite stone, especially the ones near to the tide level.
Along the walkway towards the cable car, visitors can enjoy the vast natural landscape of Gunung Machinchang. Among these are the Air Terjun Telaga Tujuh, Pulau Anak Burau and the sandstone of Machinchang Formation that is as thick as hundreds of metres.
Cable Car PlatformOn a clear sunny day with bright blue skies overhead, the many astounding panoramic views of Langkawi can be appreciated from here. Among which are the highlands of Gunung Machinchang all the way to Gunung Raya, the hills from the Singa Formation to the Setul Limestone landscape and Chuping landscape. Furthermore, you can also witness several beaches and the islands surrounding Langkawi and several islands of Thailand.
This trail is 1.5km long that passes through the rocky beaches and 600 meters of forests and mangroves. Several interesting Machinchang Formation can be found along the trail.
Pantai Pasir TengkorakThis beach is a sac for drops of white sand that are placed in between the sandstone and shale. The are several interesting sedimentary structures on the rock beddings in this area, among which are; cross bedding, ripple effect, flame structure, fluid discharge and others. Furthermore, another unique structure is the tafoni. This beach is among the nicest beach for picnic.
Pasir Tengkorak (East)This beach is made up of rocks and gravel that show several wave erosion features, including the staged erosion with the existence of several raised sea cave, a few metresmeters above the current sea level. The main attraction of this beach is that it is filled with gravel.
This cape is formed near to the quartz dyke as thick as 5 metresmeters. Sandstone in this area contains the Last Cambrian aged fossils such as, the trilobite and brachiopod that represents the oldest fossils in this region. This area is also a good point to witness the landscape of Pulau Jemuruk and Gua Pinang located nearby.
Telaga Tujuh is a well-known waterfall in Langkawi. This waterfall is located in between the border of Machinchang sandstone Formation and Bukit Sawak Granite. The origin of the name Telaga Tujuh is referred to the existence of seven natural wells surrounding this waterfall. This waterfall is also attached to the myth as a place where the fairy princesses bathe. The waterfall are potholes produced from the erosions of gravel surrounding the granites stones by swirling currents within the hole itself that moved the gravel in turn eroded the walls of the well. The deepest well is measured up until 3.5 metres.
Telaga Tujuh is a well-known waterfall in Langkawi. This waterfall is located in between the border of Machinchang sandstone Formation and Bukit Sawak Granite. The origin of the name Telaga Tujuh is referred to the existence of seven natural wells surrounding this waterfall. This waterfall is also attached to the myth as a place where the fairy princesses bathe. The waterfall are potholes produced from the erosions of gravel surrounding the granites stones by swirling currents within the hole itself that moved the gravel in turn eroded the walls of the well. The deepest well is measured up until 3.5 metres. The Flora at Gunung Machinchang is unique because most of the plants are low, as low as the forest of heath type (shrubs). This could be due to the wind and the nutrient-deficiency in the Machinchang sandstone Formation. There are 60 species out of 40 families recorded at Gunung Machinchang with the Rubiaceae as the dominant family. Among the interesting flora that can be found at the peak of Gunung Machinchang are the Tongkat Ali (Eeurycoma longifolia), Kelat Bukit and Podo Bukit (Podocarpus neriifolius). While the rare species are the Tembusu Bukit (Fagraea gigantea), Wool Flower (Celosia argentea linn), Tepus Tanah (zZingiber spectabile) and Pepanggil Langkawi (Clorodendrum langkawiens).